Jack Woodward, Lawyer

Jack Woodward Lawyer – Thoughts From 30 Years on the Frontline

The Courts of British Columbia

bc sup

About the Supreme Court of British Columbia

The Supreme Court of British Columbia is the province’s superior trial court. The Supreme Court is a court of general and inherent jurisdiction which means that it can hear any type of case, civil or criminal. It hears most appeals from the Provincial Court in civil and criminal cases and appeals from arbitrations. A party may appeal a decision of the Supreme Court to the Court of Appeal.

The Supreme Court Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 443, provides for a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, an Associate Chief Justice, and 90 other justices. The legislation also provides for supernumerary judges who sit hearing cases part-time. There are also 13 Supreme Court masters who hear and dispose of a wide variety of applications in chambers. The Supreme Court also has a Registrar and a District Registrar who hear assessments relating to bills of costs, reviews lawyers’ accounts, settles orders, references of various types and deals with bankruptcy discharge applications.

Supreme Court judges sit throughout BC and travel on circuit through the year.


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Amazing photographs of what the world looks like to drones and other robots.


With any luck, the future will bring more self-driving cars and flying drones to deliver pizza and other goodies. For those robots to get around safely, though, they need to both see their surroundings and understand what they’re seeing. A new kind of camera developed by engineers in California may help them do just that. It sees more than what meets our eyes.

The new camera combines two powerful traits. First, it takes exceptionally wide images. Second, it collects data about all the light bouncing around the scene. Then, an onboard computer uses those data to quickly analyze what the camera sees. It can calculate the distance to something in the picture, for example. Or it can refocus a specific spot within the image.

Such calculations would help self-driving cars or drones better recognize what’s around them. What kinds of things? These might include other vehicles, obstacles, intersections and pedestrians. The technology could be used to build cameras that help their host vehicle make faster decisions — and use less power — than do the cameras on drones and vehicles now. A car might then use those data to navigate more safely.

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The fascinating research into using the ocean to instead of diesel generators to power remote B.C. communities.


Dozens of remote towns on the B.C. coast, including Indigenous communities, still rely on diesel generators for power.

A group of researchers at the University of Victoria is hoping to change that by harnessing energy from wind, waves and tides. Their goal is to reduce the need for noisy, smelly, carbon-belching generators — as well as the fuel barges that supply them.

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Humorous, earth-healthy ways to rid yourself of that Halloween jack-o-lantern.

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Now that Halloween has come and gone, many have wondered what the best method is to get rid of their pumpkins. But one Vancouver woman has undoubtedly found the most Canadian (and genius) way to make sure her Halloween décor doesn’t go to waste.

Over the weekend, CBC journalist Manusha Janakiram shared a clip of her recycling method, writing: “And I woke up wondering what to do with our pumpkin. Apparently it’s being taken care of.”

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Good growing: Why organic farming is taking root

organic farming

IT’S the squealing, and a flicker of movement in the corner of my eye, that turns my head.

And then I see them, dozens of little piglets playing together, chasing one another around the large, lush paddocks.

It’s hard not to smile. These Berkshire piglets are not only incredibly cute, they’re also very happy.

And no wonder. Here on TDM Free Range Farms at Mt Pleasant, the season has been good, and healthy winter rains have carpeted the property in a thick coat of bright green.

But, more than that, these animals aren’t living jammed together in an intensive piggery. Here, they’re free to wiggle under the gate to escape their paddocks and play with one another like the social animals they are.

Property owner Denni Mansfield started her free-range property seven years ago as part of a longer journey to become a certified organic farmer.

The 46-year-old uses organic farming practices, which involves continually adjusting feed, rotating paddocks, soil sampling and moving drinking points and shelter areas each month.

“Sometimes I think ‘what an idiot I was thinking of doing this’, but when I look at the animals they’re totally content pigs,” Mansfield says. “They’re very happy regardless of the weather outside and I feel very happy eating this meat.

Read Article:  The popularity of organic farming in Australia.


roman justice

Codex Vat Traditional Roman law, systemized and interpreted by local jurists, were supplanted by vast tax-collecting bureaucracies in the A.D. 3rd and 4th century. The legal rights of women, children and slaves was strengthened. [Source: World Almanac]

The Roman judicial system distinguished laws from facts. There were indictments, jury trails, prosecutors, defense attorneys and both softhearted and unforgiving judges. Magistrates in Rome were originally called censors.

In most civil and criminal cases, a magistrate defined the dispute, cited the law and referred the problem to a judex, a reputable person in the community. The judex, along with some advisors, listened to the arguments of the attorneys, weighed the evidence and pronounced the sentence.

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The apparently altruistic, amazingly social bonobos.


The impulse to be kind to strangers was long thought to be unique to humans, but research on bonobos suggests our species is not as exceptional in this regard as we like to think. Famously friendly apes from Africa’s Congo Basin, bonobos will go out of their way to help a stranger get food even when there is no immediate payback, researchers show. What’s more, they help spontaneously, without having to be asked first.

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What Is Bitcoin, and How Does it Work?


How Bitcoin Works

by Michael Crider on November 7th, 2017

In layman’s terms: Bitcoin is a digital currency. That’s a concept that might be more complex than you realize: it isn’t simply an assigned value of money stored in a digital account, like your bank account or credit line. Bitcoin has no corresponding physical element, like coins or paper bills (despite the popular image of an actual coin, above, to illustrate it). The value and verification of individual Bitcoins are provided by a global peer-to-peer network.

Bitcoins are blocks of ultra-secure data that are treated like money. Moving this data from one person or place to another and verifying the transaction, i.e. spending the money, requires computing power. Users called “miners” allow their computers to be used by the system to safely verify the individual transactions. Those users are rewarded with new Bitcoins for their contributions. Those users can then spend their new Bitcoins on goods and services, and the process repeats.

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A useful explanation of the Canadian judicial system.

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How the courts are organized

The federal and provincial and territorial governments are all responsible for the judicial system in Canada.

Only the federal government can appoint and pay judges of the superior, or upper-level, courts in the provinces. Parliament can also establish a general court of appeal and other courts. It has created the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court and the Federal Court of Appeal, as well as the Tax Court.

Parliament also has exclusive authority over the procedure in courts that try criminal cases. Federal authority for criminal law and procedure ensures fair and consistent treatment of criminal behaviour across the country.

The provinces administer justice in their jurisdictions. This includes organizing and maintaining the civil and criminal provincial courts and civil procedure in those courts.

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